the WTO is for the benefit of the public, not a tool for par

embers. If its members cannot reform the architecture and resolve the key issues, they may all end up in various regional groups.

“Many bilateral tensions or challenges countries are facing today requir

e a multilateral response, and WTO reform is definitely needed, especially in the area

s of trade and investment,” said Xue Rongjiu, deputy director of the Beijing-based China Society for WTO Studies.

Chen Fengying, a senior economics researcher at the China Institutes of Contemporary Internationa

l Relations, said the US government seems to have made driving WTO reform its priority so that the country can claim the high gr

ound in global trade and lead the process for making new rules and establishing a new global trading system.

This move poses a challenge to the WTO and its basic principles including that of most favored nation status and national treatment, she said.

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The operation of the infant ward was suspended, and the hosp

ospital was ordered to solve management problems relating to the case, check on the condition of the surviving babies and console the parents.

A deputy director of the health bureau of the Shunde district of Fo

shan, Guangdong, was also fired, and others deemed responsible were punished.

No new case has been reported in the hospitals that have treated the affected babies.

The provincial health commission has ordered all the medical institutions in the province to check their infection-control procedures.

The viral strain that affected the infants was identified by the commission as Echo 11. It is an intestinal virus to which chi

ldren, especially infants, are susceptible. It is closely related to a respiratory infection.

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Learning to work together in an orderly, high trust lev

, and supported by diverse interest groups will prevent conflicts among stakeholders in the South China Sea,” Santarita said.

China is in the midst of implementing a host of reforms, which are focused on opening up its economy to foreign compet

ition and strengthening its private sector. They are needed to upgrade its industries and avoid the dreaded middle-income trap.

Many of these reforms are exactly what the United States is asking for in the trade negotiation

s, but China is actually pursuing these reforms primarily to achieve its own long-term internal economic goals.

He said Asia’s emphasis on “respect for authority, respect for the environm

ent and the discipline to control the use of resources” will also see Asian leaders purs

uing a more eco-friendly development path and honor their commitments to the Paris climate agreement.

“If there is harmony, discipline, stability and the primacy of family and com

munity over the individual, then any problem can be easily addressed,” Santarita said.

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While educational evaluation has an important role of

f guidance, such roughly generated and lame evaluations cannot objectively reflect the real

conditions of schools, and have severely disrupted education activities, the statement said.

The MOE will therefore continue to regulate such acti

vities in accordance with law and regulations, according to the statement.

The China Earthquake Administration pledged to enhance its earthquake detection c

apability as it rolls out an experimental project in the country’s tremor-plagued southwestern region.

The administration has established over 360 new monitoring stations in the China Seismic Experimental Site, which spans Sichuan

and Yunnan provinces, since construction of the project was launched about one year ago, Zheng Guoguang, vice-m

inister of emergency management and head of the administration, told a news conference on Friday.

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gdong province, his administration has established a resea

arch institute to accelerate the development of new apparatuses for underground detection that could reduce interference from human activity.

“We will also explore carrying out observational experiments

in wells from hundred of meters to 1,000 meters deep, and through scientific drilling that will p

enetrate active earthquake faults to gain more information about underground structures,” he said.

Currently, 13 countries have been involved in the project, includ

ing Russia, Egypt and Algeria, and 17 domestic research teams, including one from U

niversity of Science and Technology of China, have started research on the site, Zheng noted.

The site will “offer research teams with observa

tion equipment, support for outdoor observation and data sharing services”, he said.

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More nurses sought to treat elderly population

Health authorities will redouble their efforts to train nurses in eldercare as the

proportion of older people in the popula

tion expands and tens of millions of

people struggle with disabilities, a senior health official said on Wednesday.

Jiao Yahui, deputy chief of medical administration and supervision at the Nation

al Health Commission, said there are not

enough nurses to cope with the growing needs of the country’s elderly.

A regulation on the training of healthcare workers and standards of service is being drafted.

It is expected to boost the number of nurse’s aides, Jiao said ahead of

International Nurses Day on Sunday.

The nurse’s aides will complement the work of full-fledged nurses to meet the demand for services for the elderly, she said.

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Only toward the end of the last century, global econom

 integration-trade, investment and finance-began benefiting large emerging and developing econ

omies. To be sustainable, globalization cannot serve just a few wealthy advanced economies. It m

ust also serve poorer and faster-growing economies, which today account for most of the global growth.

So, by flirting with trade protectionism and punitive tariffs on imports, adva

nced economies are seeking to implement the wrong policies at the wrong time. As the adv

anced countries have fallen into secular stagnation, they desperately need growth. Therefore, the rise of poorer eco

nomies is not a win-lose game, because it benefits the advanced economies, too.

In the aftermath of the 2008 global financial crisis, all major advanced econom

ies would have faced another Great Depression without the support of large emerging economies, particularly Ch

ina. And the contribution of these countries to global GDP growth is expected to climb to 80 percent by 2050.

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This issue is similar to the environment. External critics

ent. External critics of China don’t appreciate that Chinese themselves realize there

are issues to be addressed. They are doing so. These developments should be encouraged.”

President Xi Jinping, who spoke at the Second Belt and Road Foru

m for International Cooperation in Beijing recen

tly, listed areas in which China will improve the environment for foreign investment.

The president said the nation will work hard to create a business environ

ment that respects the value of intellectual prop

erty, will improve the legal system for IPR protection at all levels, will strengthen law enforcement and pr

otection for the legitimate rights and interests of foreign IP owners and will bar the

forced transfer of technology, improve protection of trade secrets and crack down on infringement.

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Xi said China’s moves to boost opening-up follow from

 an independent choice based on the objective need of the country’s reform and development.

This is helpful in promoting high-quality growth, meeting the people’s need

s for a better life and promoting peace, stability and development of the world, he said.

China also hopes that other countries will create a good investment environment, treat Chinese enterpris

es, students and scholars equally and create a friendly environment for their normal international exchange activities, Xi said.

Xi pledged to take stronger measures to promote international cooperation in protecting intellectual pro

perty, which he said is not only crucial to protecting the legal rights of companies but also to promoting high-quality growth.

China will enhance policy coordination with the world’s major economic entities and j

ointly promote the robust, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth of the global economy, he said

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China looks to strike a balance between meeting finan

ancing needs, sustainable development and debt sustainability, according to Finance Minister Liu Kun.

“We will build a high-standard and high-quality financing system to s

upport long-term and sustainable BRI investment while preventing debt risks,” Liu said.

He suggested promoting financing cooperation for projects in

third-party countries, equity investment and attracting more private funding.

Enhancing debt and risk management is a key consideration for deepening BRI financi

ng cooperation, said Yi Gang, governor of the People’s Bank of China, the central bank.

“The debt issue in developing countries should be treated objective

ly. If debt growth is accompanied by infrastructure improvement, enhancement of people’s liveliho

ods and productivity and poverty reduction, it will be beneficial for the sustainability of long-term debt,” Yi said.

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