The US’ trade deficit stems from its extremely low natio

nal savings rate and has to be compensated by other countries’ national savings, which in tu

rn adds to the trade deficit. On the other hand, China’s efficiency in the manufacturing industry makes it a lar

ge exporter of manufactured goods to the US and helps it sustain its high savings rate.

A high growth rate means higher trade deficit for US

Given that the US economy is driven by domestic demand, consumpt

ion in particular, instead of exports, a high rate of ec

onomic growth will widen the trade deficit, as it would have to import more products than it exports. In such a sit

uation, the implementation of large-scale infrastructure construction projects would further increase the trade deficit.

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The latest figures from the National Cultural Heritage Administ

stration show China had 5,354 museums by the end of 2018, and museums across the country held some 2

6,000 exhibitions in 2018 and received 1.126 billion people, an increase of 30 percent and 16 percent, respectively.

The International Council of Museums organized the annual I

nternational Museum Day in 1977 to address the changing roles of museums.

Museums across the world are reinventing their roles to become more interacti

ve, audience focused and active in delivering creativity and knowledge to their communities.School students and adult

visitors learn about making prints and carving stamp seals and learn about the appreciation of and technological me

thods being used in the conservation of the age-old buildings at the Palace Museum, May 1

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Top regulator says economy set for growthand

Transformation of traditional industries speeding up, riding wave of high tech

The Chinese economy is poised for more vigorous growth after gathering new strength through upgrad

es in traditional industries and accelerating the growth of high-tech industries and emerging sectors.

The country will further expand market access with a nationally unified, annually released and timely adjusted negative list for m

ore market vitality, according to the National Development and Reform Commission, China’s top economic regulator.

Meng Wei, spokeswoman of the commission, said at a media conference on Fri

day that China has made steady progress in cultivating new momentum and promoting t

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percent, respectively, registering significantly faste

The emerging service sector also grew very fast, Meng said.

In April, the information transmission industry, along with software and inform

ation technology services, grew 25 percent year-on-year, 17.6 percentage points higher than the national index of services.

Online retail sales amounted to 3.04 trillion yuan ($440.2 billion) in the first four m

onths, a year-on-year increase of 17.8 percent. Around 17.07 billion parcels were delivered, up 24.8 percent over last year.

She said the transformation of traditional industries is speeding up as they combine with information technology.

“Through implementing national big data and internet plus strategies, internet, big da

ta, and artificial intelligence technologies have been widely used in China’s real economy,” she said

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In particular, we need to strengthen international coop

peration in AI governance including laws and regulations, ethical norms and international rules,” Wang said.

The State Council issued a plan in 2017 that set benchmarks for China’s AI sector, with the value of core AI indu

stries predicted to exceed 1 trillion yuan ($145 billion) and make the country the global leader of AI innovation by 2030.

In December, Tianjin unveiled a three-year plan to boost the innovative development of seven AI-related indust

rial chains including independent and controllable information systems, smart security, big data, advanced co

mmunications, intelligent connected vehicles, industrial robots and intelligent terminals.

According to the plan, the government will build Tianjin into an AI in

novation center and a hub of AI industries and innovative applications by 2020.

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Separately, on the same day, the US Commerce Department

said it would be adding Huawei and its 70 affiliates to an Entity List, which will ban the compan

y from buying parts and components of US companies without prior government approval.

Gao Feng, spokesman for the Ministry of Commerce, said at a briefing that the con

cept of national security “should not be used as a tool for trade protectionism”.

“China strongly opposes other countries imposing unilateral sanctions on Chinese entities,” Gao said.

He called on the US to stop its wrongful behavior and make more efforts to create conditions for normal international trade cooperation.

Huawei has been increasing its 5G commercial contracts worldwide, with more countries giving the com

pany a vote of confidence. But it is facing security allegations from the US, which Huawei has said are unfounded.

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Wang said the Sino-US trade talks have made important

and substantive progress thanks to efforts from both sides. Meanwhile the talks face some serious problems which need to be resolved.

The top diplomat said that as long as the negotiations meet the general direction of China’s reform an

d opening-up policy, adhere to China’s basic needs about high-quality development and serve the com

mon interests of the Chinese and US people, the negotiator teams from both sides could have the capability and w

isdom to settle their reasonable demands and eventually achieve a win-win agreement.

Wang said China insists on upholding national sovereignty, safeguarding the inter

ests of its people and defending national honor when negotiating with any country.

According to the General Administration of Customs, trade between

China and the US in the first four months stood at 1.1 trillion yuan ($160 billion).

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He said those who are interested in doing business with

Chinese partners in countries involved the Belt and Road Initiative should work together to create a

n ecosystem of a “one-stop shop”, providing diversified services to share in China’s prosperity along the Belt and Road.

President Xi Jinping asked countries to create conditions for other civilizations to develop while keep

ing their own vibrant. His keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the Conference on Dialo

gue of Asian Civilizations on Wednesday has aroused global interest. Here’s what some experts think.

As you know, I work for UNESCO and the general feelin

g I had after President Xi Jinping’s speech was that there were convergences on

many levels between his comments and the work UNESCO does in the world of dialogue among civilizations thro

ughout the world and also the work that we do specifically in relation to the ancient and modern Silk Road.

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f the escalation of the bilateral trade dispute is not a short det

detour before reaching a deal sooner or later, then the economic impact for consumers in China and t

he US, as well as other parts of the world, will be fairly costly, said Chen Wenling, chief econ

omist at the China Center for International Economic Exchanges.

Whether they buy finished products or goods made from r

aw materials and components, the tariffs still exist, Chen said.

The escalation will make goods produced by both countries less co

mpetitive and cause large-scale job losses, said Chen.

Wei Jianguo, former vice-minister of commerce, said economic conflict

s and trade friction between China and the US that draw global attention will happen fro

m time to time in the future, and these should be rationally regarded and prepared for.

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Trade agreements can affect the types of goods being

traded and they can redirect trade toward one country, away

from others. They cannot directly affect any country’s worldwide current account balance. A count

ry that saves less than it invests will have to borrow foreign funds to import foreign goods to make up that difference.

There are two ways to reduce the US trade deficit. A serious recession would reduce investme

nt, but nobody advocates that as a strategy. The only other path is to change the US financial and gove

rnment system to encourage increased savings. China has almost nothing to do with it.

Ironically, the disputes between the US and China center around both nations’ legitimate desires to

protect some current low-skilled jobs, or at least to allow an easier transition to new jobs and industries.

US administration’s economic policy has rightly focused on the need to

retain jobs for working-class people in the US. And, China’s companies that export to the U

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